## INTRODUCTION

*Life is full of logical conditions. We wake up and we have two choices. Get out of the bed or again go to sleep.*

*Same is the case with our applications or programs in EXCEL which we create. Every decision is full of conditions which need to to fulfilled before the final execution.*

*But there are different types of conditions. Some are necessary and some are optional. So this article will be focusing on the conditions which are necessary i.e. have to be met at any cost for the execution of the program.*

*We are discussing about the AND FUNCTION in EXCEL.*

*AND function comes under the LOGICAL FUNCTIONS category in Excel.*

*AND function is very important and is going to be used a lot because of which it has become one of the very important functions in excel.*

*It simply behaves like the binary AND. [A separate section covers the information at the end of the article]*

*It checks if all the conditions are TRUE OR NOT.*

*IT returns TRUE if ALL THE CONDITIONS ARE TRUE and false , if any of the conditions is FALSE.*

*This article will discuss the purpose , syntax, use and examples of AND FUNCTION in EXCEL.*

## PURPOSE OF AND IN EXCEL

**AND FUNCTION RETURNS TRUE IF ALL THE CONDITIONS ARE TRUE AND FALSE IF ANY OF THE GIVEN CONDITIONS IS FALSE.**

If we try to analyze this function by its name “AND”, we can understand the meaning in a better way.

AND itself means together. For example, I and my friend went somewhere. It means we both went. Both conditions are true.

Similarly AND function will be true, if all conditions being tested are true.

## PREREQUISITES TO LEARN AND

THERE ARE A FEW PREREQUISITES WHICH WILL ENABLE YOU TO UNDERSTAND THIS FUNCTION IN A BETTER WAY.

- Some information about the
**BINARY MATHEMATICS**is an advantage for the use of such formulas. - Basic understanding of how to use a formula or function.
- Basic understanding of rows and columns in Excel.
- Of course, Excel software.

Helpful links for the prerequisites mentioned aboveWhat Excel does? How to use formula in Excel?

## SYNTAX: AND FUNCTION

**The Syntax for the function is**

**=AND**(**CONDITION 1, CONDITION 2, CONDITION 3, …… SO ON****)**

**CONDITION1 **Any condition (e.g. if any cell>12)

**CONDITION2 **Any condition (if any cell <45)

**Atleast TWO CONDITIONS are needed. At the most, any number of conditions can be used.**

## EXAMPLE:AND FUNCTION IN EXCEL

### DATA SAMPLE

Suppose we have a cell which contains a number.The objective is to check whether the given number is greater than 12 and less than 45 or not.

### STEPS TO USE AND

**TWO** cases have been discussed.

ONE will result in TRUE and OTHER as FALSE.

**The value to be checked is present in the cell H9**

We’ll put the formula in I9 as

**=AND(H9<45,H9>12)**

As 40 satisfies the both conditions, the result is TRUE.

FOR CASE II

**The value to be checked is present in the cell H12**

We’ll put the formula in I12 as

**=AND(H12<45,H12>12)**

As 60 satisfies the both conditions, the result is FALSE.

**KNOWLEDGE BYTES**

### BINARY AND

BINARY MATHEMATICS have just two number-0 and 1.

Its just like the DECIMAL SYSTEM which we use in day to day life which has ten numbers 0 to 9.

So AND is known as the BINARY MULTIPLICATION. As we can understand easily that

0x0=0

1×0=0

0x1=0

1×1=1

where 1 is TRUE and 0 is false.Same goes in this function. When all the conditions are true, only then we get TRUE result.