HTML stands for HYPERTEXT MARKUP LANGUAGE.
The WORLD WIDE WEB, which is commonly known as www (The same www which is written before any web address) is a world level network of computers which exchanges information among them. The information can be in any form e.g. text, graphics or multimedia and we can benefit by exchanging information between different geographies and cultures.
WORLD WIDE WEB WORKING
World wide web is an interconnected system of computers and machines which are connected with each other through the data transmitting lines. Mainly there are two types of Machines.
- WEB SERVER
- WEB CLIENT
- Web clients send the request to the server for data and in response to the request, server sends back the data. The server stores all the information which is to be served to the clients.
- We use WEB BROWSERS in our computers which we use to communicate with the servers.
“HTML is a markup language which tells the browser how to present the data. ” One more word which will come across frequently is HTTP i.e. HYPERTEXT TRANSFER PROTOCOL. A protocol is a set of rules and regulations to be followed. The same is the case with HTTP. It is a set of rules and regulations of transfer of data through the WEB. It is followed through the web, whatever country or system it is.
HTML – INVENTION
HTML AND HTTP, both were invented by Mr.Tim Berners Lee.
The HTML was based on a previously famous markup language SGML (STANDARD GENERALIZED MARKUP LANGUAGE).
The main concept of markup languages is to separate the content from its presentation style.
HTML – VERSIONS TILL NOW
The first version of the HTML was written by the inventor himself in 1991.
November 24, 1995
HTML 2.0 was published .
January 14, 1997HTML 3.2 was published. It was the first version developed and standardized exclusively by the W3C.ORG
December 18, 1997
HTML 4.0 was published. TABLES, STYLES AND SCRIPTS WERE INTRODUCED.
April 24, 1998HTML 4.0 was reissued with minor edits without incrementing the version number.December 24, 1999HTML 4.01 was published .
October 28, 2014HTML5 was published as a W3C Recommendation. Audio, Video and Canvas support was introduced.